Ninety percent of adults with Type 2 diabetes are overweight or obese. If a person is obese, does that person automatically have diabetes? No, but obesity greatly increases the risk of a person developing Type 2 diabetes.

Studies suggest that abdominal fat causes fat cells to release ‘pro-inflammatory’ chemicals, which can make the body less sensitive to the insulin it produces by disrupting the function of insulin responsive cells and their ability to respond to insulin.

Obesity is also thought to trigger changes to the body’s metabolism. These changes cause fat tissue to release fat molecules into the blood, which can affect insulin responsive cells and lead to reduced insulin sensitivity.

Another theory put forward by scientists into how obesity could lead to Type 2 diabetes is that obesity causes pre-diabetes, a metabolic condition that almost always develops into Type 2 diabetes. (

How would you know you actually have diabetes? The early signs and symptoms of Type 2 diabetes can include: Frequent urination and bladder infections; increased thirst and hunger; feeling very tired; blurry vision; slow healing of cuts and wounds; tingling, numbness, or pain in the hands or feet; patches of dark skin; and itching and yeast infections.

Recognizing the early signs of diabetes will allow you to get a diagnosis and treatment sooner, so if you see any of these signs, make sure to visit your doctor so you can get appropriate treatment.

High Blood Sugar

Without treatment, persistently high blood sugar levels can lead to severe and sometimes life-threatening complications, including:

  • heart disease
  • stroke
  • nerve damage, or neuropathy
  • foot problems
  • kidney disease, which can result in a person needing dialysis
  • eye disease or loss of vision
  • sexual problems in both men and women


What Can I Drink If I Have Diabetes?

Safe to drink: Water, unsweetened hot or iced tea, unsweetened coffee, tomato or V-8 juice, and Milk

Drinks to avoid: Regular soda, energy drinks, diet soda, sweetened fruit juices, and alcohol

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12 Signs of Uncontrolled Diabetes

The only true way to determine if you have diabetes is by a blood test. However, the warning signs can appear all over your body. When your blood glucose levels are too high it can damage nerves, blood vessels, and organs, causing the following symptoms:

  1. Your bowels and bladder don’t work properly.
  2. You lose your hearing.
  3. Your gums bleed.
  4. Your mouth is dry or sore.
  5. Your vision changes.
  6. Your skin cracks, itches, or changes.
  7. Your hands and feet tingle or feel numb.
  8. Your hands and feet frequently hurt.
  9. Your legs cramp or ache.
  10. Sex becomes difficult.
  11. You sweat differently.
  12. You feel dizzy and lightheaded.

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